You may be aware that there are generally two broad types of life insurance; term life insurance and permanent, or whole life insurance. You may even know that permanent or whole life insurance usually builds some equity over time. This equity may be tapped into to help get you through a difficult time or to take advantage of an opportunity.
You may not, however, be aware of the meaning of the different phrases describing this value. Here is a look at the differences between “cash value, “surrender value” and, “loan value” of a permanent life insurance policy.
The cash value of a life insurance policy is the cash or account value that the policy has accumulated over time. The longer the policy has been in force and the larger the premiums, the larger the cash value is likely to be.
One of the benefits of a permanent life insurance policy beyond that it builds value, is that the value can be accessed through a low interest loan. This allows funds to be accessed by the policy owner while still maintaining some of the protections of the life insurance policy. Money that is loaned through the policy can be repaid to restore the full value of the policy or the loan amount will be deducted in the event of the death of the insured.
A policy’s surrender value is the net value of a permanent life insurance policy once any loans and/or fees are deducted. If the cash value of a policy, for example, is $5,000 and loans, interest and fees against the policy total $1,000, the surrender value would be $4,000. It is important to remember that if a policy is “surrendered” for its value, it is no longer in force. Any death or other benefits associated with the policy are negated. Surrendering a policy for its value, in essence, cancels the policy.
If premium payments on a permanent or whole life insurance policy stop, the policy may still provide coverage through its build up of cash value. This cash value will frequently be used to extend the coverage unless a policy is surrendered for cash or if its value is absorbed through unpaid loan interests and fees.
If you have a life insurance policy and would like to know if it has value, you can request a policy status from the issuing company. This will provide general details about the policy. If you have other questions, please feel free to contact our independent agents.